Idea Incubator

Virtual Coop Incubator

#Bo3 Idea2

Newland Cooperative fills the Incubator product niche with a Virtual Coop.

A person with an idea sets up a Virtual Coop under an NDA tailored to the type of intellectual property involved.  The incubator attracts a project team. The necessary people are invited to join the team. Capital investors contribute money to the endeavor. Project team member time investors contribute time and expertise to the effort. New ideas may emerge to be developed into prototypes and tested.


Woodbury Makerspace Plan

Woodbury Makerspace Business Plan

Newland Cooperative, Minnesota

by Lyno Sullivan, Founder and President



Utilizing Minnesota’s Newland Cooperative system capabilities, we enable 3D model designers, sculptors, artists, and 3D product idea people. We do this by consistently providing co-operatively owned spaces in Woodbury, Minnesota, filled with high quality classic, multi-color, and exotic material 3D prototype printing tools and services. We apply principles of time investor co-operative workforces, to bring idea people together with producer people, who together, invest time developing an idea and bringing it to market. The principles are that time investment hours and capital investments are repaid from sales. Excess sales income spreads to nearby coops to help them bring their new ideas to fruition. Product royalties provide an incentive for time investors in a Newland chartered virtual coop.

A simple motivation is the opportunity to work with people teaching and learning in a cooperative environment. Professionals and students meeting one another in low-key learning environment. Local professionals get to assist up-and-coming professionals, some of whom seek internships, scholarships, mentors, to become a mentor, and so forth. These incentives attract time investors and capital investors, investing today and sharing future rewards fairly among coop members. The excess goes back to the coop community, so that other idea people might get a leg up with their ideas.

Newland Cooperative hosts each Makerspace co-operative. In the manner of a franchise operations, once a Newland hosted idea cooperative becomes operational it may be spun-off into an independent gross income, small share royalty paying affiliate. Its sales and royalty income is distributed to its coop members, based somewhat on their time investment. This royalty compensates the DevOps team who support the open source systems that each virtual coop uses upon the internet and personal devices.


A makerspace is a place where customers go to design digital 3D models created in software like Autodesk 123A, which is free for download, or professional grade software like SolidWorks and Fusion 360, or a host of alternatives. In-house software converts models into automated printer control commands. 3D prototypes are printed in various materials like plastics, carbon fiber, Kevlar®, composite plastics with materials like metals and experimental materials capable of withstanding extreme loads and pressures. The 3D printing process uses plastic filament, input at melting temperatures of around 250 C.


We do 3D printing. Who is our customer? Why do they frequent our virtual coops? Why do they frequent our Makerspace physical coop facilities, warehouses, and databases? Why do they continue to pay their membership fee month after month?

We operate initially as a virtual coop within the physical coop named Newland Cooperative as registered in Minnesota. Once our Makerspace coop becomes commercially viable, we may want to become our own independent company, albeit endowed with an initial starting set of articles, bylaws, and workflow processes from its parent and ancestral coops. This behavior is referred to as “incubation and emergence” phases. From your idea, a new company is born, in some incorporated form. It pays royalties back to its parent company and to the Newland Cooperative. Every community in Minnesota will want to create their own makerspaces so their young have a place to learn.


We bring idea and production people together in a security conscious, mutually supportive virtual cooperative. Our workflow keeps drawings, documents, and digital materials separated by customer member, and virtual coop accounts. The premises used by our members receives commercial security services.

It is important that members and customers know that their prototypes receive security protection. All members sign an NDA concerning any prototypes in any workflow. Security systems abound throughout the premises including location tracking by means optional existence and location tracking chips embedded within some printed 3D products. Security camera footage of outside and inside is provided. The Makerspace facilities are secured with commercial electronics access controls and tracking databases.


Do you have a hobby that involves making stuff with your hands? Artist kinds of stuff; sculpture, pottery, or woodworking; making stuff that persists. Gift card parts. Rubber stamp designs with your 3D art on the face. Plastic toys. 3D color sculpture in exotic materials; artifacts; reproductions.


Are you an idea person? Do you ever have ideas for 3D objects that might be patentable? Want to experiment with lightweight plastic products, some stronger than steel. Need access to simple materials testing capabilities? Want to know how many tons of force it takes to crush a carbon fiber reinforced plastic toy? All useful stuff if you are experimenting with materials.

If you have a need for a prototype, model, or finished 3D product, what do you do? Where do go? ANSWER: You go to a nearby Newland Makerspace 3D printing shop. Bring your memory stick containing your 3D model of own designed creation. Or use one from out catalog of 3D printable products provided by our royalty receiving members. We can print of up to 4 copies on the spot, if the customer chooses to hang for a while. Products can be printed overnight.


When seeking a continuing membership in Makerspace, professionals, artisans, hobbyists and students, will frequent the Makerspace website to establish their identity with a scan of their state issued ID card. That gains them entrance to the backroom premises.

Every member must read a Non-Disclosure Agreement (NDA) and sign it. Time accounting is done through the website. Designs needing printing can be submitted via the website. They will be placed into the work queue. Going to the warehouse personally with your memory stick is the most secure way to do your 3D print setup.


All inside and outside spaces except bathrooms are under video and audio surveillance. The warehouse facility requires a member to insert their state issued photo ID scanner. The warehouse is like a laboratory and production shop. The facility is heavily secured to prevent theft of prototype designs.



The spreadsheet shows a cost of $1.25 per square foot per month turns the light. Research into space in a safe commercial park found one perfect 2400 ft2 that is currently one space now which can be divided in half. The entire space has a conference area for twelve, a public facing glass walled “laboratory” like space, two joined spaces, each with a human door and a twelve foot garage door.


Newland Cooperative

The Newland Cooperative is established under Chapter 308B. Cooperative Associations statute. Within Newland Cooperative a separate entity with these components

  1. Makerspace Coop (a virtual Coop) is established as a board sub-committee under a Charter, within Newland Cooperative, during idea incubation phase. Members of Newland Cooperative may be eligible to sign the Makerspace Coop Non-Disclosure Agreement and join the Coop, subject to the approval of the existing members. After the incubation phase the Coop will be spun off into its LLC, S Corp, C Corp, etc. The spin-off pays a royalty to Newland Cooperative.
  2. Makerspace Fund is established to track all money. Transparent transaction detail is available to members of the Coop. Transparent balance sheet information is available to other Coops and to Newland Cooperative accountants, auditors, tax authorities, et al.
  3. Makerspace Coop members invest time which will be repaid from future income in the manner specified in the Makerspace Coop Charter. A royalty on gross income is paid to Newland Cooperative. Up to 60% of unreserved net income can be directed to capital investors of the Newland Cooperative. The remainder of profit is available for other expenses and patronage to the for the time investors.

3D Printer Options

$2,000 FORMBOT T-Rex 2


$5,000 RoVa4D



Why Choose Co-operative Model

Why Choose a Co-operative Business Model?

A co-operative (also known as co-op, cooperative or coop) is a type of corporation which is an autonomous association of people united voluntarily to meet their common economic, social and cultural needs and aspirations through a jointly owned and democratically controlled business.

Co-operatives are based on the values of self-help, self-responsibility, democracy, equality, equity and solidarity. In the tradition of their founders, co-operative members believe in the ethical values of honesty, openness, social responsibility and caring for others.

Newland Co-operative MISSION: We enable idea people by consistently providing the highest quality tools and services for superior quality co-operative development. We empower each co-operative workforce by ensuring income opportunity and organizational governance.


Choose Your Business Structure

The Small Business Administration provides guidance on “Starting a Business”.

The business structure you choose will have legal and tax implications. Learn about the different types of business structures and find the one best suited for your business.

Sole Proprietorship

A sole proprietorship is the most basic type of business to establish. You alone own the company and are responsible for its assets and liabilities.

Limited Liability Company

An LLC is designed to provide the limited liability features of a corporation and the tax efficiencies and operational flexibility of a partnership.


People form cooperatives to meet a collective need or to provide a service that benefits all member-owners.


A corporation is more complex and generally suggested for larger, established companies with multiple employees.


There are several different types of partnerships, which depend on the nature of the arrangement and partner responsibility for the business.

S Corporation

An S corporation is similar to a C corporation but you are taxed only on the personal level.

Co-operative Core Principles

Cooperatives around the world generally operate according to the same core principles and values, adopted by the International Cooperative Alliance in 1995. The International Cooperative Alliance is a global membership association of co-ops and co-op support organizations.

The co-operative principles are guidelines by which co-operatives put their values into practice.

Voluntary and Open Membership

Co-operatives are voluntary organizations, open to all persons able to use their services and willing to accept the responsibilities of membership, without gender, social, racial, political or religious discrimination.

Democratic Member Control

Co-operatives are democratic organizations controlled by their members, who actively participate in setting their policies and making decisions. Men and women serving as elected representatives are accountable to the membership. In primary co-operatives members have equal voting rights (one member, one vote) and co-operatives at other levels are also organized in a democratic manner.

Member Economic Participation

Members contribute equitably to, and democratically control, the capital of their co-operative. At least part of that capital is usually the common property of the co-operative. Members usually receive limited compensation, if any, on capital subscribed as a condition of membership. Members allocate surpluses for any or all of the following purposes: developing their co-operative, possibly by setting up reserves, part of which at least would be indivisible; benefiting members in proportion to their transactions with the co-operative; and supporting other activities approved by the membership.

Autonomy and Independence

Co-operatives are autonomous, self-help organizations controlled by their members. If they enter into agreements with other organizations, including governments, or raise capital from external sources, they do so on terms that ensure democratic control by their members and maintain their co-operative autonomy.

Education, Training and Information

Co-operatives provide education and training for their members, elected representatives, managers, and employees so they can contribute effectively to the development of their co-operatives. They inform the general public – particularly young people and opinion leaders – about the nature and benefits of co-operation.

Co-operation among Co-operatives

Co-operatives serve their members most effectively and strengthen the co-operative movement by working together through local, national, regional and international structures.

Concern for Community

Co-operatives work for the sustainable development of their communities through policies approved by their members.

Co-operative Best Practice

There is a growing body of literature on best practices of businesses based upon the co-operative business model. These practices cover several areas. Within the United States, by the constitutional separation of powers doctrine, cooperative law is the purview of the states. Minnesota law. The laws provide standardized solutions usable by a starting co-operative. Within these laws co-operatives are granted broad powers.


Management and direction of a cooperative is both an art and a science. Ultimate power is vested in the one member equals one vote democracy. The day to day management decisions are handled by the elected board of directors. Strategic direction setting may be the responsibility of board, which is subject to refinement by the membership.

The Newland™ business model provides the LivingVote™ process, as a primary direction setting technique, used by the members to provide the framework for day to day operations.

The stakes have never been higher for cooperatives. They operate in a business environment with less margin for error. As cooperatives grow larger and face increasing internal and market complexity, the critical factors for their success must be continually re-examined.

The most successful cooperatives develop a culture for continuous learning.  Managers and board members must understand the on-going need for knowledge and information.  It is human nature to operate in our comfort zone.  However, new technologies, or changes in the political, regulatory or farming environment may have major implications for future operations.  The best cooperatives identify information gaps and develop strategies to address them.  The annual strategic planning session is an ideal time to consider what you don’t know.

A final factor in cooperative governance is balancing returns at the firm and member level.  Managers and boards focus on the bottom line and balance sheet strength.  Members often focus on prices, service and equity retirement.  Cooperatives must not only maintain this balancing act but also communicate the multiple dimensions of successful performance to their members.

Minnesota Cooperative Statutes Chapters

Minnesota has two sets of statures pertaining to co-operatives. Some definitions are necessary.


Subd. 5.Association. “Association” means an organization conducting business on a cooperative plan under the laws of this state or another state that is chartered to conduct business under other laws of this state or another state.

Subd. 15.Member. “Member” means a person or entity reflected on the books of the cooperative as the owner of governance rights of a membership interest of the cooperative and includes patron and nonpatron members.

Subd. 19.Nonpatron membership interest. “Nonpatron membership interest” means a membership interest that does not require the holder to conduct patronage business for or with the cooperative to receive financial rights or distributions.

Subd. 20.Patron. “Patron” means a person or entity who conducts patronage business with the cooperative.

Subd. 21.Patronage. “Patronage” means business, transactions, or services done for or with the cooperative as defined by the cooperative.

Subd. 22.Patron member. “Patron member” means a member holding a patron membership interest.

Subd. 23.Patron membership interest. “Patron membership interest” means the membership interest requiring the holder to conduct patronage business for or with the cooperative, as specified by the cooperative to receive financial rights or distributions.

Chapter 308A Cooperatives statutes pertain to a cooperative formed and incorporated on a cooperative plan for the purpose of conducting an agricultural, dairy, marketing, transportation, warehousing, commission, contracting, building, mining, telephone, manufacturing, mechanical, mercantile, electrical, heat, light, or power business, or for any combination of these purposes or for any other lawful purpose.

Chapter 308B Cooperative Associations statutes pertain to a cooperative formed and organized on a cooperative plan for any lawful purpose, including: (1) to market, process, or otherwise change the form or marketability of products, including crops, livestock, and other agricultural products, the manufacturing and further processing of those products, other purposes that are necessary or convenient to facilitate the production or marketing of products by patron members and others, and other purposes that are related to the business of the cooperative; (2) to provide products, supplies, and services to its members; and (3) for any other purposes that cooperatives are authorized to perform by law.

Minnesota’s Newland Co-operative chose Chapter 308B organization for several reasons, including 308B.601 MEMBERSHIP INTERESTS and in particular, Subd. 3.Patron membership interests. The patron membership interests collectively shall have not less than 60 percent of the cooperative’s financial rights to profit allocations and distributions. If authorized in the original articles as filed, or articles or bylaws adopted by an affirmative vote of the patron members, or the articles or bylaws are amended by the affirmative vote of patron members, then the cooperative’s financial rights to profit allocations and distributions to patron members collectively may be not less than 15 percent.

Subd. 5.Nonpatron membership interests. If authorized by the articles, the cooperative may solicit and issue nonpatron membership interests … distributions shall be made on the basis of value of the capital contributions of the patron membership interests collectively and the nonpatron membership interests to the extent the contributions have been accepted by the cooperative.

Patron and Nonpatron Membership Interests in Newland Co-operative

Minnesota’s Newland Cooperative filed the minimalist business organization charter required by law. Everything else is subjected to the LivingVote™ decisions in the bylaws. With this fact in mind, the bylaws speak to all matters of patrons and nonpatrons.

“Patron membership interests” are established for time investors who provide services. Necessary expenses, as established in the bylaws, which are approved by the board, may be reimbursed.

“Nonpatron membership interest” is reserved for capital investors.

What Is a Co-operative?

Co-operatives put people at the center of their business and not capital. Co-operatives can be defined in terms of three basic interests: ownership, control, and beneficiary. In a co-operative all three interests are vested directly in the hands of the user. Some co-operatives are designed to produce a profit. Profits are distributed back to the members in the form of patronage.  Since the owners of a co-op are also the customers, lowered prices and extra services are acceptable, instead of profits.

The International Cooperative Alliance defines a cooperative as “an autonomous association of persons united voluntarily to meet their common economic, social and cultural needs and aspirations through a jointly-owned and democratically-controlled enterprise.”

Typical Kinds of Cooperatives

There are several types of cooperatives based upon their business model. Within each business mode, products and services vary.

Consumer Cooperative

With buyer’s co-ops, people who shop at a store are members, they pay a fee to be a member which essentially buys them a ‘share’ of the co-op. The benefits of this type of co-op for the members are usually either (a) lower prices for products (b) specific control of the types of products offered. For example, you might start an internet co-op to bring broadband to a rural area where it otherwise wouldn’t be affordable enough for a single person to pay the costs. Buyer’s co-ops can take other forms; for example, ACE Hardware is a co-op, but it’s an owner’s buyer’s co-op; all owners of ACE Hardware stores are owners of the co-op, and use it to buy goods collectively.

Worker Cooperative

With worker’s co-ops, the workers are the beneficiaries of the co-op structure. Sometimes the workers will have to invest money if they join an established co-op, but more often than not, the workers are the founders of the co-op and are invested in ways that aren’t just monetary. The main benefit of this structure is that it enables the workers to set business policy. These co-ops are often collectives at a small level, but may adopt more hierarchical structures as they get bigger.

Producer Cooperative

With producer co-ops like Minnesota’s Newland Co-operative, the patron and non-patron member benefits form a hybrid cooperative with elements of time investment and capital investment membership interests. The basic principle is simple. Capital investment members are repaid their principal and then a share in downstream income, providing optional time limited return on capital investment. Once fully repaid, a capital investor may be convertible to a time investor.

Major Movie Co-operative

When a Producer Co-operative takes on a task, like a major movie, they will assign sub-projects to time investors within subsidiary co-operatives, nested to any desired degrees of sensibility. Each sub-cooperative takes its place among all the pipelines through which product improvements flow. Such a project would involve hundreds of union-based co-operatives filled with thousands of workers trained to the individual time investment areas.

Union Associated Co-operative

Union associated co-operative means that all union dues are paid and all votes are taken.

Multiplier Hourly Rate $US Purpose
1/4 x $6 per hour $6 allowance for one documented hour of time investment recorded
1/2 x $12 per hour for Journeyman’s grade assessment $12 study reward rate for documented time investment records grades in academic school of union sponsored apprentice trade school
2/3x $16 per hour for great grades in college or trade school $18 for adults who are at least 18 years old and working for completion of a bachelors academic degree
2/3x $16 per hour supervised time investment $18 for adults in supervised time investment schooling to journeyman level in one trade.
1x $24 22-29 years old
1.5x $36 30+ skilled
2x $48 40+ year old master level by education experience, or age

Time Investment Royalty Distribution

In the final toll, each workers time investment is paid for as a share of the net profit. In a billion dollar move that could divide the income fairly at the base hourly rate for journeyman class worker or college graduate is the (1x) rate of $24 per in for U.S. workers, $3 per hour in Malaysia. And so it goes for every local bank-note currency, national currency, digital currency, hard currency, and so forth. All of it only becomes payable and taxable at profit distribution time. It is scaled to the local economy. This stabilizes the Newland™ economy.


Cultivate.Coop is a library of information about cooperatives. Everything is created by and for people who work in co-ops. You can edit and upload content to just like Wikipedia. is also home to the Cooperative Education Network, a group of practitioners developing a centralized collection of materials on co-op education. The article Starting a Co-operative is comprehensive and well worth studying.
The U.S. Small Business Administration has delivered millions of loans, loan guarantees, contracts, counseling sessions and other forms of assistance to small businesses. See Choose Your Business Structure for information about co-operatives.

The article Expert advice: How to start up a co-operative contains tips from experts, gathered during a live Q&A. It clears up terminology and provides principles useful in deciding start-up issues.


The co-operative photo: This is Money website.




LivingVote Governance

Life in a LivingVote™ World

130 Cooperative Living Vote

A LivingVote™ governed society, assures humans of the reality, that their LivingVote choice, on some bylaws governance item, really counts. Their vote must count from the moment they first establish they first establish their starting YES setting, on a scale from zero percent to one hundred percent. Voters will watch the aggregate vote patterns change, as they refine their choice. Watching constitutions, laws, agency rules, environmental limits changing, in near real time; it will become the new Reality show.

Once the aggregate vote stabilizes, for some predetermined interval of time, the  governance item is locked in and sent to quality control where all illogical governance wording gets backed out and figured out later. Anything holding up the arrival of the expected wording gets moved aside. There’s songs could be written about the urgency of keeping the Constitution and Laws of the United States of America moving. Maybe these wording changes can someday happen so fast that Watson can be a phone call away with the answer.

Watson can manage the Deltas. The only way to repair wording is to repair all necessary parts simultaneously. Back comes new wording that replaces in its entirety the set of illogical wording. Eventually the whole set of wording passes it final quality assurance test. Then the new set of wording takes effect at once. With a continuous integration and continuous deployment, known as a CI/CD pipeline, the automated rules of the Senate, House, and Governor all understand.

Maybe we’ll let a bunch of IBM Watson like computers mutually agree to have the final say, on the entire package of Governance being deployed live into to Production. Once passed the words take effect.  For so long as voters live. they can change their vote on any governance item at any time. When they die, their vote no longer affects governance. It all gets factored in. It is ultimately the will We the People, who must decide these matters, that really count.

Bifurcation Vote

070 Bifurcation Vote

The traditional way of voting is to make the decision once and for all times and be done with it. Changing the governance item requires another vote on the wording changes.

A LivingVote Governance Item

080 LivingVote

Think how much more effective governance becomes when a coop, corporation, business cost center, project, family business, social club, church, or some other social organization utilizes the LivingVote™ governance means.

LivingVote Governance Changes

090 LivingVote Fluctuations

Excerpts from “Newland 2084”

Within the human behavioral constraints imposed directly or indirectly, by layer upon layer of government, humans are free to enjoy what remains of their privileges, rights, and freedoms. Within the constraints of imposed by government, the co-operative LivingVote™ represents the new art of governance. The LivingVote™ is the preferred decision-making process for matters of basic human affairs, as well as affairs of the polygons, cooperatives, clubs, families, and so forth. The LivingVote™ behavioral pattern is embedded within the startup Newland™ Co-operative behavioral pattern.

A Newland ™ Co-operative is owned and operated by its members. The operational characteristics of every Newland Co-operative are established and adjusted according to the ongoing and evolving LivingVote™. The LivingVote™ represents an emergence behavioral model. Rather than behavioral constraints being handed down from above, in the manner of a command and control hierarchical decision-making process, the LivingVote™ embodies the principles of power and control bubbling up and emerging from below. Every human feels like they have a direct say in matters of every Newland™ Cooperative of which they are a member.

Because Newland™ Member Agreement terms and conditions attain an 80 percent Pass LivingVote™, these conditions will require the corresponding 80 percent Fail LivingVote™ to be changed. This stabilizing characteristic of the LivingVote™ allows Newland™ to better fend off the vagaries of fads faction politics. Political parties have the power in the form of political governance known in ancient times as a Republic. Newland™ Co-operative governance is known in modern times as LivingVote™ Democracy. While it would have been possible to utilize a LivingVote™ governance model in ancient times, it is made practical in modern times with the advent of modern technology such as computers. It is the combination of NetZero™ closed funds established and maintained by the LivingVote™ that is the game changer in civilized society.

Pertaining to co-operatives, anyone wishing to receive any royalty income distribution must participate in all of the LivingVote™ matters put before the membership. The Newland™ Distribution Engine talks with the LivingVote™ Engine, and distributions are bypassed for so long as the LivingVote™ decisions have not been made. There is no such capability as “catching up” on benefits not received. Any member who believes their LivingVote™ choice, concerning any matter, must be changed simply changes their LivingVote™. If enough members change their vote from Yes to No, then the matter switches from Pass to Fail. Even the terms and conditions agreed to within the Newland™ Member Agreement document may change over time.

Likewise, the terms of the and conditions of the Newland™ License may be changed by new, modified, or deleted words changed by the LivingVote™ results on the question. This book, Newland 2084, explains a preferred embodiment among alternatives.


The mechanics of how the LivingVote operates is simple to understand. The social and business impacts may take days, weeks, or months to emerge. These matters are discussed in more detail in the book “Newland 2084” by Lyno.

by Lyno, Saturday, June 25, 2016








Cyberpunk Utopia

Newland 2084 Cyberpunk Utopia

Amazon sells Newland 2084, promoted at

Patent pending solutions to poverty, money, time
Patent pending solutions to poverty, money, time

Cyberpunk Utopia Literary Category

Cyberpunk is a sub-genre of science fiction in a future setting that tends to focus on the society of the proverbial “high tech low life”; featuring advanced technological and scientific achievements, such as information technology and cybernetics, juxtaposed with a degree of breakdown or radical change in the social order.

The book Newland 2084, by Lyno, is classified in a literary sub-genre of science fiction known as “cyberpunk utopia“. Newland 2084 is in a future setting that focuses on the society that emerges, upon a stable population earth, risen from the salvageable remnants of the former economic, political, and social disorder of earth.

Newland 2084, A Coop Construction Kit

The book Newland 2084, along with its sister website, comprise the core writings necessary to construct a Newland 2084 class coop sufficient to be labeled as such with the Newland™ trade mark.

Remain vigilant on the matter of the minimal royalty payment necessary from the 1 in 720 share of gross income received by the application of Newland License works. The royalty payment goes into the Newland Royalty Fund that gets distributed among the developers of the Newland Coop itself, whereby the each Newland Cooperative receives its fair share of the Newland™ Game software, money, and time ecology.

Newland Building Block Ideas

LivingVote™ is patent pending means whereby one living human is given one changeable vote on matters of the outcomes, governance, and operations of human owned and operated coop systems.

Plasmonics is the study of the interaction between electromagnetic field and free electrons in a metal. Free electrons in the metal can be excited by the electric component of light to have collective oscillations.

Newland™ postulates two additional feature, with adequate workarounds should they turn out to be imaginary characteristics. The collective oscillations of light and the electromagnetic field of electrons works both ways. In other words light can be either an input or an output. The collective oscillations can be frequency modulated and exchange information capable of being recognized in either direction.

Plasmonic Skin is made up of patterns of tessellated polygons of silicon wafers receiving light which is converted to electrons. In some exploratory writings on “plasmonic skin” I wrote of a nanotechnology manufactured flexible skin surface that provides for an in light = electron store & an in electron = light out capabilities. Everything happens at a near molecular level. Each silicon cell has intelligence, communication ability, plus electron storage. On each edge it has stretchable coupling with near instant localized rigidity locks. Its rest state, when laid upon a flat surface, each silicon cell becomes a simple hexagon. . . . Plasmonic skin is a fine substance to apply in a cyberpunk venue.

Even a children’s story emerges. “Plasmon”, the new super hero, oscillates with “Electra”, in a kind of Taoist dance of yang & yin. Together they reach out to humans in need understanding, communicating at the edge of the universe where technology and humans collide.

Plasmonic Putty is a sticky subject. It self constructs virtually any 3D shape imaginable, provided photons are available. . . . as they say, “in the beginning there was light”.


Commuter Coop

Newland Commuter Coop

A Game Changer

Details of a Newland™ commuter co-op are in the book Newland 2084

Forward looking humans understand what a self driving car is for. Fewer understand the many implications for modern civilization when commuter transportation is managed and dispensed by a neighborhood Newland Commuter Coop. We now explore a few Game Changer outcomes of self-driving motor vehicles, operating on roadways and off roadway.

  1. No more income to local government and the justice system from humans driving cars high on alcohol and other drugs, texting and talking with their friends, working on their computer, watching TV, sleeping, and so forth. The elderly, blind, deaf, and disabled humans will be able to call for a useful ErgoMobile™, equipped with all necessary equipment to get them safely to their destination. The vehicle then hustles off for its next rider.
  2. No more foolish expenditures on light rail, buses, taxis, or any other short haul transportation systems. Why would any human want to somehow make it safely and quickly, through rain, sleet, and snow to a bus stop, subway, or rail station, just to go a few miles across town. Then reverse the process to get home. It makes no sense.
  3. Long haul pneumatic assisted magnetic-levitation transportation systems are capable of moving humans and cargo from the coast to coast at hyper-sonic speeds.
  4. Short haul transportation is typically by EV electric vehicles, except in those situations extended mileage situations where clean burning di-methyl ether (DME) clean diesel are used instead. Self-filling DME fuel stations eliminate the need for petrol stations, with all their coincident environmental risks, staffing considerations, and so forth. Refueling is done by means of a self-driving vehicle being towed or driving itself to the neighborhood vehicle garage for cleaning, maintenance, and fueling all EV and DME components.
  5. From the chromium and molybdenum alloy, referred to as chromoly steel, used to construct the human containment compartment, plastic rubber composite body panels, down to the final computer assemblies, every one of the components is manufactured by a nearby Newland ErgoMobile Parts Coop that warehouses parts from the many Newland Parts Manufacture Coops. Everything from tip to tail is USA manufactured by USA labor voting in one human, one vote USA State government chartered coop organizations. Everything bolts or snaps together, is designed to be field repairable until final recycling.
  6. Within the constraints of core passenger safety, the ErgoMobile vehicle industry offers infinite variety, from utilitarian one human adult and child EVs, all the way up to the 144 passenger centipede, and even up to the two hundred ton self driving and self articulating long haul road transport train where every wheel is its own motor and generator and each self-driving cargo trailer gathers its own sunlight and has its own batteries. It has DME reserves sufficient for all heating, propulsion, and auxiliary generator use.
  7. The recycling cycle closes at the nearby biomass coal gasification plant where all carbon based sewage and waste is reduced to its elemental carbon form, from which is produced DME, thereby completing the plastic sequestration of carbon, which is a beneficial application on Newland patent pending designs.

Typical Newland Coop Member’s Commute

A Newland Commuter Coop operates so that a human commutes by means of the following patent pending steps. These steps pertain just as well to going to the store, church, school, court, hospital, and so forth.  The portal to portal transportation of human bodies by means of self driving motor vehicles.

  1. Make arrangements for a self driving ErgoMobile™, with some specific seating pattern, or better, to show up at location your location, at some prearranged time.
  2. Present your state-issued ID for a complete front and back scan. Complete bio-metric scan if requested. Each coop makes its own arrangements concerning such matters. A state-issued ID is the least common denominator.
  3. If you are have selected a one human ErgoMobile™, then you may skip this step. Be prepared for each occupant of your intended vehicle to go through a similar identification process if they are not recognized by their phone, voice, or visual recognition. No doubling up except for a parent properly secured with an infant.
  4. Enjoy the ride to your destination. You can work, sleep, watch the scenery, talk and text with friends.
  5. Depart from your vehicle.
  6. It proceeds to its next customer while you to your final destination.
  7. (Optional step) If you must leave a mess your vehicle, or worse, at least have the common decency to issue a “Garage Only” command.

The Central ErgoMobile™ Facility

The Newland Commuter Coop exists for the purpose of pooling a neighborhoods short haul transportation needs under a Newland Coop form. Coops are nested within one another, to the extent necessary to encompass a sustainable polygon’s service area. In other words, you and your neighbors pool their resources. They locate a nearby facility capable of having a secure fenced campus and buildings sufficient to house the self-driving ErgoMobiles™. It must provide such services recharging, maintenance, and repair facilities as are necessary to see the Newland Commuter Coop facility. To determine how many Newland Commuter Coop remote facilities facilities and vehicles are necessary, compute the number of coop member humans who will share the commuter service during peak hours.

What Happens to the Legacy Garage

By centrally sharing garage and repair facilities for the pool of vehicles owned and shared by the members of the coop, an interesting question emerges. What will human do with their newly freed up garage space? Where will they invest the anxiety reduced commute time into their life?

Garages in the neighborhoods become workshops, EVcycle repair shops, EV ErgoMobile chassis construction shops. An interconnected web of EV parts suppliers exchange the components of all manner of EV parts combinations necessary for each Newland 12,000 human sustainable polygon to construct and house the number of self-driving ErgoMobiles™ of the necessary configurations. The ErgoMobiles are constructed and maintained and repaired right in the sustainable local economy by the local community time investors. The share of the income from coop sales is based upon each participating human’s time investment.

Play With Numbers

For those who like to play with the numbers, please consider these.
12,000 humans in motion at once presumes that a “best fit” fleet of 1, 2, 3, 4, …  human capacity self driving vehicles are available. The optimum count is determined and adjusted as usage and demographics change. In the event of an evacuation vehicles can stream, from nearby ErgoMobile™ storage facilities, to the area of greatest need and away from the emergency location. Imagine the value of such a capability in the face of an imminent tidal surge.

The problem is made easier by making some simplifying assumptions. Assume the polygon tessellation shape is a hexagon. This gives every 12,000 human sustainable polygon six adjoining neighbor polygons. Assume all seven polygons have enough neighborhood ErgoMobile™ vehicles available for their local human needs in normal situations. The vehicles communicate with one another. The humans communicate with one another. The computer systems have all of the data available to make the best decisions. When human life is at stake, humans sometimes have to let the computers do their job.

Public Safety Improvements

Neighborhood disbursed charging stations provide additional public safety measures. Each facility will have electric lights, audio and video communication capability, battery backup, first aid kits. Each EV charging facility could have self driving first response vehicles on the way within seconds of being summoned by 911 call.

Newland Commuter Coop Time Accounting

Human who invest time today, learning how to rescue and save human life, accrue the future benefits of their time investment. The same goes for those who invest time serving their community, nation, or practically any human purpose larger than any one human. Perhaps someday their time investment today will be repaid by some other humans future time investment, for their sake.


I hope you enjoyed this small essay. It gathers together a few of the patent pending features covered in more detail in the book Newland 2084





Newland Cooperative Organization

A Minnesota Cooperative

Newland Cooperative is organized as a Minnesota Chapter 308B Cooperative Association. Chapter 308B speaks to many features of a cooperative. Every Cooperative must have a purpose.

Chapter 308B is a Minnesota cooperative law that provides significant tools for patron members seeking outside equity capital for the creation, modernization, or expansion of their cooperative. Unlike current Chapter 308A, Chapter 308B cooperatives may have two classes of members: patron members and investment members.Patron members have the financial right to no less than 60% of the cooperatives’ profit allocations and distributions unless patron members vote to reduce their financial rights. Without exception, non-patron investor members may receive no more than 85% of the cooperative’s profit allocations. Patron members may also become investment members.

A co-op is essentially a business that produces or distributes goods or services. It is owned and operated by its owners, for their mutual benefit. Cooperatives provide just about any good or service their members need. Cooperatives offer credit and financial services, health care, child care, housing, insurance, professional services, software used by cooperatives, hosting of Internet producer cooperatives, and hosting of consumer cooperatives.

Chapter 308B requires that patron-members must hold at least 50% of the voting powers on general matters of the cooperative. Patron-members retain considerable influence over cooperative decisions. Another provision provides that patron-members generally vote as a bloc in board decisions or decisions by the general membership.

The statute provides flexibility in governance, through reliance on the cooperative’s bylaws with mandated minimum levels of patron member’s governance rights. The new statute sets a minimum patron member voting rights floor which the cooperative can set significantly higher levels of patron member control in the bylaws. A Chapter 308B cooperative must establish an Audit Committee which may consist of the entire Board.

Cooperative Principles

Often cited cooperative principles are: 1) voluntary and open membership, 2) democratic member control (one member, one vote), 3) member economic participation, 4) autonomy and independence, 5) education, training, and information, 6) cooperation among cooperatives, and 7) concern for community.


A cooperative may be formed and organized on a cooperative plan for any lawful purpose, including:

(1) to market, process, or otherwise change the form or marketability of products, including crops, livestock, and other agricultural products, the manufacturing and further processing of those products, other purposes that are necessary or convenient to facilitate the production or marketing of products by patron members and others, and other purposes that are related to the business of the cooperative;

(2) to provide products, supplies, and services to its members; and

(3) for any other purposes that cooperatives are authorized to perform by law.

308B.241 BYLAWS

Subdivision 1.Required.

A cooperative shall have bylaws governing the cooperative’s business affairs, structure, the qualifications, classification, rights and obligations of members, and the classifications, allocations, and distributions of membership interests, which are not otherwise provided in the articles or by this chapter.

Subdivision 1.Generally.

(a) In addition to other powers, a cooperative as an agent or otherwise:

(1) may perform every act necessary or proper to the conduct of the cooperative’s business or the accomplishment of the purposes of the cooperative;

(2) has other rights, powers, or privileges granted by the laws of this state to other cooperatives, except those that are inconsistent with the express provisions of this chapter; and

(3) has the powers given in section 308A.201 and in this section.

(b) This section does not give a cooperative the power or authority to exercise the powers of a credit union under chapter 52, a bank under chapter 48, or a savings association under chapter 51A.

Useful Links

Minnesota Secretary of State

Minnesota Cooperative Forms available under “Forms & Fees”.


CoMinnesota is an expanding community of Minnesota cooperators from all sectors who are working together to create and promote activities that tell the story of how cooperative enterprises build a better world.

Cooperative Development Services

Cooperative Development Services is a nonprofit organization that was founded in 1985. Since its inception, CDS has been committed to providing a range of innovative, results-oriented, and cost-effective services to cooperatives and related organizations.

The Learning Store

Contains interesting books and information concerning cooperatives. Provided by the University of Wisconsin – Extension. Of special interest is “Cooperatives Principles and Practices in the 21st Century“.

Cooperative Network

An alliance of Wisconsin and Minnesota cooperatives to serve their members.