Carbon Gasification System Mission

CGS Carbon Cycle

We propose a Carbon Gasification System, aka a CGS, which inputs carbon-dioxide and transforms that carbon dioxide into oxygen or methane. Carbon is not released into the atmosphere. The heat produced by the CGS can be used to produce electricity. It also heats the oxygen producing aerobic organisms and methane producing anaerobic organisms. The CGS gasifies municipal waste, bio-mass, coal and other carbonaceous materials.

CGS Roadmap

The physical-chemical roadmap of CGS science must map elements, ores, and minerals to the biological systems that consume and produce them. The feedstock materials must be chemically analyzed and similarly mapped. Experiments are done along the way to measure the productivity of various species, catalysts, and chemicals. The CGS workers will input information into the CGS database. They will be looking for new research areas that may hold patent claims. Also, patent claims may arise when transforming old chemical processes into CGS compatible processes. The potential for new patent claims attracts student and professional talent to the CGS mapping process, experiments, and prototypes.

CGS Biological Systems

Biological systems transform carbon dioxide into oxygen and methane. Other organisms provide bio-mining opportunities to recover base metals, as well as rare-earth metals. Bio-mining is a technique of extracting metals from ores and other solid materials. Prokaryotes and fungi secrete different organic compounds that extract metals from their environment. These concentrated metals are then recovered.

Gasification Outputs

The hydrogen and carbon dioxide comprising syngas is used by the CGS output systems to produce products. Ultimately, every carbon atom in CGS feedstock must be transformed into some carbon product. The best place to sequester carbon is in plastic products. Plastic is easily gasified during recycling operations. Fuels, polymers, plastics, and composite materials are primary CGS outputs.

Gasification By-Products

The ash, slag, and glass by-products of gasification will be processed to extract metals. The fly ash makes a cement used in a concrete with greater strength, lower permeability, and greater durability than more expensive cement alternatives. Produce the cement locally, rather than buying from afar.

Home: https://newlandcoop.com/2017/08/22/cgs-mission/

(c)2017 Lyno — CGS Mission — 20170827

DME_Industry

DME Industry

The DME Industry is the petrochemical backbone of Newland™. DME is the safest high pressure HxCyOz gas for transport gas on “Newland 2084” high pressure DME pipelines, which transport and supply the world’s dimethyl ether market with safe, oxygen transported pure hydrocarbons.   There exist 2016 Newland Coop industrial process patent claims, pursuant to the gasification process flow diagram shown below and the surrounding industries that emerge therefrom. This information is only available to members with signed non-disclosure agreements.

This post is a foundation element of the emerging “Newland 2084” story. It is the first blog entry at https://newlandcoop.com/2016/06/22/dme_industry/ at Newland Coop.

What Is Dimethyl Ether (DME)?

Dimethyl ether, known as DME, is the simplest ether. It consists of two methyl groups bonded to a central oxygen atom. The absence of carbon-carbon bonds limits carbonaceous particulate emissions. DME (CH3OCH3) is the end product of a biomass and coal gasification process. The DME component syngas is produced by such technologies as the Fischer-Tropsch process. DME can also be produced from natural gas, should an affordable supply be locally available.

DME must be stored under pressure as a liquid similar to LPG (liquefied petroleum gas). Dimethyl ether is also relatively non-toxic, although it is highly flammable. DME is used as a clean burning fuel. DME has a high enough cetane number to perform well in internal combustion engines. DME is used as a useful precursor of sticky polymers, solid plastics, and other organic compounds. DME is a safe aerosol propellant alternative to chlorofluorocarbons, which destroy the ozone layer.

DME Production

The following diagram depicts the overall process of converting biomass and coal to dimethyl ether. Biomass includes carbon rich sources like waste oil, tires, fuel, construction waste, household garbage, sewage, diseased animals, biological waste, burned forest timber, and a vast list of materials containing recoverable carbon.

DME_Process_diagram

(Public Domain, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?curid=9715681)

DME Consumption

The DME Industry incorporates both the producer and the consumer side of the DME market.

DME Safe Aerosol Propellant

Dimethyl ether (DME) is increasingly used in propellants to replace chlorofluorocarbons, which are found to destroy the ozone layer of the atmosphere. DME demand increases in aerosol-based household products like colognes, hair sprays, antiperspirants, room air fresheners, and so forth.

DME Precursor Chemical

DME is used to prepare many important chemical, like dimethyl sulfate, which is used as a solvent, anti-oxidation agent in polymers, and as an electrolyte in high energy lithium batteries.

DME Clean Fuel

DME is an ultra-clean transportation fuel. DME has a high cetane value of about 55-60 and is used as an ultraclean alternative fuel for diesel engines. The advantages of using DME are ultralow emissions of nitrogen oxides (NOx), reduced engine noise, requires no exhaust after treatment, and its high diesel thermal efficiency.

DME HxCyOz Chemical Economy

DME is the HxCyOz foundation of the petrochemical products industry. DME yields synthetic polymer chains. Most commonly, the continuously linked backbone of a polymer used for the preparation of plastics consists mainly of carbon atoms. A simple example is polyethylene (‘polythene’ in British English), whose repeating unit is based on ethylene monomer.

DME Solvents, Thermoplastics, Gas Separation Membranes, etc.

Polyethylene glycol dimethyl ether (PEG DME) is used in products like solvents, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, healthcare products, cleaning, plasticizers, gas separation membranes. Thermoplastics include materials and products like compact discs, thin films, food packaging, nylon and other fibers, plexiglass, plastic bottles, and countless examples from the vast plastics industry, that is so omnipresent in this modernizing age.

DME HxCyOz Periodic Table Economy

Eventually it becomes apparent that every significant part of the periodic table of elements combines with hydrocarbons in some manner. It’s all good, because once the human species figures out everything that interacts with carbon, as either a component or a catalyst, a revolution in microbiological and nanotechnology solutions will unfold. Whole new ways of harvesting the periodic table of elements, as will innovative ways of combining elements in carbon nanotube assemblies.

Imagine industries emerging from the carbon nanotube revolution in materials science. The technology that emerges, from the fusion of mathematics and the science of carbon nanotechnology intersecting the periodic table of elements. What emerges from all of this, is the most profound game changer in the lives of the Post Ice Age humans.

Carbon Economy

The atoms of carbon upon the earth’s surface comprise a new and emerging economy. that is a new measure of the wealth of the carbon of life, brought forth upon the earth .

References Material

http://www.ohio.edu/people/lees1/DME.html

The best resource around on current and future ways to consume DME. Wander around the website and be awestruck.

http://www.chem1.com/acad/webtext/states/polymers.html

Polymers and plastics education series.

Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dimethyl_ether

Dimethyl ether (DME), also known as methoxymethane, is the organic compound with the formula CH3OCH3, simplified to C2H6O. The simplest ether, it is a colorless gas that is a useful precursor to other organic compounds and an aerosol propellant and is being studied as a future energy option. It is an isomer of ethanol.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fischer%E2%80%93Tropsch_process

Describes a commonly used process used for gasifying carbon rich sources.

https://www.quora.com/How-do-I-blend-pure-diesel-and-dimethyl-ether-DME

This is an excellent quick read about the DME Industry.

By Lyno, June 22, 2016, Wednesday