Carbon Gasification System Mission

CGS Carbon Cycle

We propose a Carbon Gasification System, aka a CGS, which inputs carbon-dioxide and transforms that carbon dioxide into oxygen or methane. Carbon is not released into the atmosphere. The heat produced by the CGS can be used to produce electricity. It also heats the oxygen producing aerobic organisms and methane producing anaerobic organisms. The CGS gasifies municipal waste, bio-mass, coal and other carbonaceous materials.

CGS Roadmap

The physical-chemical roadmap of CGS science must map elements, ores, and minerals to the biological systems that consume and produce them. The feedstock materials must be chemically analyzed and similarly mapped. Experiments are done along the way to measure the productivity of various species, catalysts, and chemicals. The CGS workers will input information into the CGS database. They will be looking for new research areas that may hold patent claims. Also, patent claims may arise when transforming old chemical processes into CGS compatible processes. The potential for new patent claims attracts student and professional talent to the CGS mapping process, experiments, and prototypes.

CGS Biological Systems

Biological systems transform carbon dioxide into oxygen and methane. Other organisms provide bio-mining opportunities to recover base metals, as well as rare-earth metals. Bio-mining is a technique of extracting metals from ores and other solid materials. Prokaryotes and fungi secrete different organic compounds that extract metals from their environment. These concentrated metals are then recovered.

Gasification Outputs

The hydrogen and carbon dioxide comprising syngas is used by the CGS output systems to produce products. Ultimately, every carbon atom in CGS feedstock must be transformed into some carbon product. The best place to sequester carbon is in plastic products. Plastic is easily gasified during recycling operations. Fuels, polymers, plastics, and composite materials are primary CGS outputs.

Gasification By-Products

The ash, slag, and glass by-products of gasification will be processed to extract metals. The fly ash makes a cement used in a concrete with greater strength, lower permeability, and greater durability than more expensive cement alternatives. Produce the cement locally, rather than buying from afar.

Home: https://newlandcoop.com/2017/08/22/cgs-mission/

(c)2017 Lyno — CGS Mission — 20170827

Woodbury Makerspace Plan

Woodbury Makerspace Business Plan

Newland Cooperative, Minnesota

by Lyno Sullivan, Founder and President

MISSION STATEMENT

coopnesting

Utilizing Minnesota’s Newland Cooperative system capabilities, we enable 3D model designers, sculptors, artists, and 3D product idea people. We do this by consistently providing co-operatively owned spaces in Woodbury, Minnesota, filled with high quality classic, multi-color, and exotic material 3D prototype printing tools and services. We apply principles of time investor co-operative workforces, to bring idea people together with producer people, who together, invest time developing an idea and bringing it to market. The principles are that time investment hours and capital investments are repaid from sales. Excess sales income spreads to nearby coops to help them bring their new ideas to fruition. Product royalties provide an incentive for time investors in a Newland chartered virtual coop.

A simple motivation is the opportunity to work with people teaching and learning in a cooperative environment. Professionals and students meeting one another in low-key learning environment. Local professionals get to assist up-and-coming professionals, some of whom seek internships, scholarships, mentors, to become a mentor, and so forth. These incentives attract time investors and capital investors, investing today and sharing future rewards fairly among coop members. The excess goes back to the coop community, so that other idea people might get a leg up with their ideas.

Newland Cooperative hosts each Makerspace co-operative. In the manner of a franchise operations, once a Newland hosted idea cooperative becomes operational it may be spun-off into an independent gross income, small share royalty paying affiliate. Its sales and royalty income is distributed to its coop members, based somewhat on their time investment. This royalty compensates the DevOps team who support the open source systems that each virtual coop uses upon the internet and personal devices.

SUMMARY

A makerspace is a place where customers go to design digital 3D models created in software like Autodesk 123A, which is free for download, or professional grade software like SolidWorks and Fusion 360, or a host of alternatives. In-house software converts models into automated printer control commands. 3D prototypes are printed in various materials like plastics, carbon fiber, Kevlar®, composite plastics with materials like metals and experimental materials capable of withstanding extreme loads and pressures. The 3D printing process uses plastic filament, input at melting temperatures of around 250 C.

PROBLEM STATEMENT

We do 3D printing. Who is our customer? Why do they frequent our virtual coops? Why do they frequent our Makerspace physical coop facilities, warehouses, and databases? Why do they continue to pay their membership fee month after month?

We operate initially as a virtual coop within the physical coop named Newland Cooperative as registered in Minnesota. Once our Makerspace coop becomes commercially viable, we may want to become our own independent company, albeit endowed with an initial starting set of articles, bylaws, and workflow processes from its parent and ancestral coops. This behavior is referred to as “incubation and emergence” phases. From your idea, a new company is born, in some incorporated form. It pays royalties back to its parent company and to the Newland Cooperative. Every community in Minnesota will want to create their own makerspaces so their young have a place to learn.

SECURITY AWARENESS

We bring idea and production people together in a security conscious, mutually supportive virtual cooperative. Our workflow keeps drawings, documents, and digital materials separated by customer member, and virtual coop accounts. The premises used by our members receives commercial security services.

It is important that members and customers know that their prototypes receive security protection. All members sign an NDA concerning any prototypes in any workflow. Security systems abound throughout the premises including location tracking by means optional existence and location tracking chips embedded within some printed 3D products. Security camera footage of outside and inside is provided. The Makerspace facilities are secured with commercial electronics access controls and tracking databases.

CASE STUDY: ARTISTS, SCULPTORS, 3D CREATORS

Do you have a hobby that involves making stuff with your hands? Artist kinds of stuff; sculpture, pottery, or woodworking; making stuff that persists. Gift card parts. Rubber stamp designs with your 3D art on the face. Plastic toys. 3D color sculpture in exotic materials; artifacts; reproductions.

CASE STUDY: IDEA PERSON

Are you an idea person? Do you ever have ideas for 3D objects that might be patentable? Want to experiment with lightweight plastic products, some stronger than steel. Need access to simple materials testing capabilities? Want to know how many tons of force it takes to crush a carbon fiber reinforced plastic toy? All useful stuff if you are experimenting with materials.

If you have a need for a prototype, model, or finished 3D product, what do you do? Where do go? ANSWER: You go to a nearby Newland Makerspace 3D printing shop. Bring your memory stick containing your 3D model of own designed creation. Or use one from out catalog of 3D printable products provided by our royalty receiving members. We can print of up to 4 copies on the spot, if the customer chooses to hang for a while. Products can be printed overnight.

CASE STUDY: PRODUCER

When seeking a continuing membership in Makerspace, professionals, artisans, hobbyists and students, will frequent the Makerspace website to establish their identity with a scan of their state issued ID card. That gains them entrance to the backroom premises.

Every member must read a Non-Disclosure Agreement (NDA) and sign it. Time accounting is done through the website. Designs needing printing can be submitted via the website. They will be placed into the work queue. Going to the warehouse personally with your memory stick is the most secure way to do your 3D print setup.

WORK IN MAKERSPACE

All inside and outside spaces except bathrooms are under video and audio surveillance. The warehouse facility requires a member to insert their state issued photo ID scanner. The warehouse is like a laboratory and production shop. The facility is heavily secured to prevent theft of prototype designs.

SPREADSHEET RESULTS

makerspace-1st-year-budget

The spreadsheet shows a cost of $1.25 per square foot per month turns the light. Research into space in a safe commercial park found one perfect 2400 ft2 that is currently one space now which can be divided in half. The entire space has a conference area for twelve, a public facing glass walled “laboratory” like space, two joined spaces, each with a human door and a twelve foot garage door.

SUPPLEMENTAL MATERIAL

Newland Cooperative

The Newland Cooperative is established under Chapter 308B. Cooperative Associations statute. Within Newland Cooperative a separate entity with these components

  1. Makerspace Coop (a virtual Coop) is established as a board sub-committee under a Charter, within Newland Cooperative, during idea incubation phase. Members of Newland Cooperative may be eligible to sign the Makerspace Coop Non-Disclosure Agreement and join the Coop, subject to the approval of the existing members. After the incubation phase the Coop will be spun off into its LLC, S Corp, C Corp, etc. The spin-off pays a royalty to Newland Cooperative.
  2. Makerspace Fund is established to track all money. Transparent transaction detail is available to members of the Coop. Transparent balance sheet information is available to other Coops and to Newland Cooperative accountants, auditors, tax authorities, et al.
  3. Makerspace Coop members invest time which will be repaid from future income in the manner specified in the Makerspace Coop Charter. A royalty on gross income is paid to Newland Cooperative. Up to 60% of unreserved net income can be directed to capital investors of the Newland Cooperative. The remainder of profit is available for other expenses and patronage to the for the time investors.

3D Printer Options

$2,000 FORMBOT T-Rex 2 https://www.aliexpress.com/store/product/Formbot-T-Rex-Large-3D-Printer-with-400x400x450mm-Build-Size/2061058_32616252202.html

3d-printer-formbot-t-rex-2

$5,000 RoVa4D http://www.ordsolutions.com/rova4d-full-color-blender-3d-printer-pre-order/

3d-rova4d-full-color-blender-3d-printer

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methanogenesis

Methanogen Bacteria Eat Carbon Dioxide

 

0010bc_methanogenesis

Upon consequential matters, like the questions of human caused global warming, by means of carbon-dioxide, humans are well advised to double check the facts. They must always be willing to rearrange the words they repeat, based upon the best information determined to be true. One day, Oliver proclaimed “methanogen bacteria eat carbon dioxide”. He was known throw out a few well distilled words, carefully devised to elicit an implicit rhetorical answer. His subsequent comprehensive explanation included facts.

What Causes Global Warming

Some well intentioned humans believe that carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is the major cause of global warming. They have well rehearsed explanations of why. The truth is more complex. The truth is that there are many factors affecting overall seasonal average climate changes.

  • carbon dioxide is a contributor to climate warming
  • plate tectonics affect ocean warming
  • solar cycles affect land, water, and ocean temperature
  • as water temperature rises, increased evaporation raises the level of relative humidity in the air
  • increased humidity in the atmosphere leads to more rain and snow
  • long term increases of humidity in the atmosphere promote the growth of plants, mushrooms, trees, grasses, and such
  • humidity in the air allows carbon dioxide breathing plants to reproduce and grow more quickly, which removes more carbon dioxide from the atmosphere
  • upon earth there are many kinds of carbon dioxide eating organisms, from organisms the size of bacteria up to the size of trees the height of a Redwood, all eating carbon dioxide
  • among those organisms eating carbon-dioxide for nutrition, they are of two primary kinds.
    • aerobic organisms produce oxygen
    • anaerobic organisms produce methane
  • in essence, methanogen bacteria eat carbon dioxide and excrete methane gas

Forestry

One of the best ways to eat carbon dioxide is to plant lots of trees. In “Newland 2084” the whole matter of planting trees is handled by teams of urban and rural high school teens. As part of their required community service hours, adult supervised teams of teen gather for the summer to clear pedestrian and equine trails, plant trees, and generally improve and repair human interaction with forests. Electric vehicles may be used to move camp, deal with emergencies, and so forth. Because of the risk of starting fires, internal combustion vehicles are prohibited in recreational forests.

Teams of high school and college teens are sent into the woods to camp out and invest time planting trees and other vegetation. The funds necessary to hire the teens are payed by the oil companies, based on a per oil barrel mile tax. Every teen without exception invests their summers in community service, militia duty, CPR, first aid, cooking, and a host of skills best learned by humans tromping about on well groomed trails winding through well groomed forests.

No two teens from the same family, neighborhood, gang, or some similar affiliation may serve together on the same team. Each dual verified skill receives a certificate of competency added to the Newland™ Resume.

Agriculture

Plants produce oxygen and various complex byproduct gaseous odors, serving various purposes. The former being the gas of life and the latter, its perfume. The entire point being that plants eat carbon dioxide. Plants eat the carbon and excrete oxygen.

by Lyno, Friday, June 24, 2016

 

DME_Industry

DME Industry

The DME Industry is the petrochemical backbone of Newland™. DME is the safest high pressure HxCyOz gas for transport gas on “Newland 2084” high pressure DME pipelines, which transport and supply the world’s dimethyl ether market with safe, oxygen transported pure hydrocarbons.   There exist 2016 Newland Coop industrial process patent claims, pursuant to the gasification process flow diagram shown below and the surrounding industries that emerge therefrom. This information is only available to members with signed non-disclosure agreements.

This post is a foundation element of the emerging “Newland 2084” story. It is the first blog entry at https://newlandcoop.com/2016/06/22/dme_industry/ at Newland Coop.

What Is Dimethyl Ether (DME)?

Dimethyl ether, known as DME, is the simplest ether. It consists of two methyl groups bonded to a central oxygen atom. The absence of carbon-carbon bonds limits carbonaceous particulate emissions. DME (CH3OCH3) is the end product of a biomass and coal gasification process. The DME component syngas is produced by such technologies as the Fischer-Tropsch process. DME can also be produced from natural gas, should an affordable supply be locally available.

DME must be stored under pressure as a liquid similar to LPG (liquefied petroleum gas). Dimethyl ether is also relatively non-toxic, although it is highly flammable. DME is used as a clean burning fuel. DME has a high enough cetane number to perform well in internal combustion engines. DME is used as a useful precursor of sticky polymers, solid plastics, and other organic compounds. DME is a safe aerosol propellant alternative to chlorofluorocarbons, which destroy the ozone layer.

DME Production

The following diagram depicts the overall process of converting biomass and coal to dimethyl ether. Biomass includes carbon rich sources like waste oil, tires, fuel, construction waste, household garbage, sewage, diseased animals, biological waste, burned forest timber, and a vast list of materials containing recoverable carbon.

DME_Process_diagram

(Public Domain, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?curid=9715681)

DME Consumption

The DME Industry incorporates both the producer and the consumer side of the DME market.

DME Safe Aerosol Propellant

Dimethyl ether (DME) is increasingly used in propellants to replace chlorofluorocarbons, which are found to destroy the ozone layer of the atmosphere. DME demand increases in aerosol-based household products like colognes, hair sprays, antiperspirants, room air fresheners, and so forth.

DME Precursor Chemical

DME is used to prepare many important chemical, like dimethyl sulfate, which is used as a solvent, anti-oxidation agent in polymers, and as an electrolyte in high energy lithium batteries.

DME Clean Fuel

DME is an ultra-clean transportation fuel. DME has a high cetane value of about 55-60 and is used as an ultraclean alternative fuel for diesel engines. The advantages of using DME are ultralow emissions of nitrogen oxides (NOx), reduced engine noise, requires no exhaust after treatment, and its high diesel thermal efficiency.

DME HxCyOz Chemical Economy

DME is the HxCyOz foundation of the petrochemical products industry. DME yields synthetic polymer chains. Most commonly, the continuously linked backbone of a polymer used for the preparation of plastics consists mainly of carbon atoms. A simple example is polyethylene (‘polythene’ in British English), whose repeating unit is based on ethylene monomer.

DME Solvents, Thermoplastics, Gas Separation Membranes, etc.

Polyethylene glycol dimethyl ether (PEG DME) is used in products like solvents, pharmaceuticals, cosmetics, healthcare products, cleaning, plasticizers, gas separation membranes. Thermoplastics include materials and products like compact discs, thin films, food packaging, nylon and other fibers, plexiglass, plastic bottles, and countless examples from the vast plastics industry, that is so omnipresent in this modernizing age.

DME HxCyOz Periodic Table Economy

Eventually it becomes apparent that every significant part of the periodic table of elements combines with hydrocarbons in some manner. It’s all good, because once the human species figures out everything that interacts with carbon, as either a component or a catalyst, a revolution in microbiological and nanotechnology solutions will unfold. Whole new ways of harvesting the periodic table of elements, as will innovative ways of combining elements in carbon nanotube assemblies.

Imagine industries emerging from the carbon nanotube revolution in materials science. The technology that emerges, from the fusion of mathematics and the science of carbon nanotechnology intersecting the periodic table of elements. What emerges from all of this, is the most profound game changer in the lives of the Post Ice Age humans.

Carbon Economy

The atoms of carbon upon the earth’s surface comprise a new and emerging economy. that is a new measure of the wealth of the carbon of life, brought forth upon the earth .

References Material

http://www.ohio.edu/people/lees1/DME.html

The best resource around on current and future ways to consume DME. Wander around the website and be awestruck.

http://www.chem1.com/acad/webtext/states/polymers.html

Polymers and plastics education series.

Wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dimethyl_ether

Dimethyl ether (DME), also known as methoxymethane, is the organic compound with the formula CH3OCH3, simplified to C2H6O. The simplest ether, it is a colorless gas that is a useful precursor to other organic compounds and an aerosol propellant and is being studied as a future energy option. It is an isomer of ethanol.

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fischer%E2%80%93Tropsch_process

Describes a commonly used process used for gasifying carbon rich sources.

https://www.quora.com/How-do-I-blend-pure-diesel-and-dimethyl-ether-DME

This is an excellent quick read about the DME Industry.

By Lyno, June 22, 2016, Wednesday

 

 

Cyberpunk Utopia

Newland 2084 Cyberpunk Utopia

Amazon sells Newland 2084, promoted at https://newlandcoop.com/newland-2084/

Patent pending solutions to poverty, money, time
Patent pending solutions to poverty, money, time

Cyberpunk Utopia Literary Category

Cyberpunk is a sub-genre of science fiction in a future setting that tends to focus on the society of the proverbial “high tech low life”; featuring advanced technological and scientific achievements, such as information technology and cybernetics, juxtaposed with a degree of breakdown or radical change in the social order.

The book Newland 2084, by Lyno, is classified in a literary sub-genre of science fiction known as “cyberpunk utopia“. Newland 2084 is in a future setting that focuses on the society that emerges, upon a stable population earth, risen from the salvageable remnants of the former economic, political, and social disorder of earth.

Newland 2084, A Coop Construction Kit

The book Newland 2084, along with its sister website https://newlandcoop.com/, comprise the core writings necessary to construct a Newland 2084 class coop sufficient to be labeled as such with the Newland™ trade mark.

Remain vigilant on the matter of the minimal royalty payment necessary from the 1 in 720 share of gross income received by the application of Newland License works. The royalty payment goes into the Newland Royalty Fund that gets distributed among the developers of the Newland Coop itself, whereby the each Newland Cooperative receives its fair share of the Newland™ Game software, money, and time ecology.

Newland Building Block Ideas

LivingVote™ is patent pending means whereby one living human is given one changeable vote on matters of the outcomes, governance, and operations of human owned and operated coop systems.

Plasmonics is the study of the interaction between electromagnetic field and free electrons in a metal. Free electrons in the metal can be excited by the electric component of light to have collective oscillations.

Newland™ postulates two additional feature, with adequate workarounds should they turn out to be imaginary characteristics. The collective oscillations of light and the electromagnetic field of electrons works both ways. In other words light can be either an input or an output. The collective oscillations can be frequency modulated and exchange information capable of being recognized in either direction.

Plasmonic Skin is made up of patterns of tessellated polygons of silicon wafers receiving light which is converted to electrons. In some exploratory writings on “plasmonic skin” I wrote of a nanotechnology manufactured flexible skin surface that provides for an in light = electron store & an in electron = light out capabilities. Everything happens at a near molecular level. Each silicon cell has intelligence, communication ability, plus electron storage. On each edge it has stretchable coupling with near instant localized rigidity locks. Its rest state, when laid upon a flat surface, each silicon cell becomes a simple hexagon. . . . Plasmonic skin is a fine substance to apply in a cyberpunk venue.

Even a children’s story emerges. “Plasmon”, the new super hero, oscillates with “Electra”, in a kind of Taoist dance of yang & yin. Together they reach out to humans in need understanding, communicating at the edge of the universe where technology and humans collide.

Plasmonic Putty is a sticky subject. It self constructs virtually any 3D shape imaginable, provided photons are available. . . . as they say, “in the beginning there was light”.

 

Mount St. Helens and Other Blasts

Blasts From Our Past

Good morning USA. Let’s all begin our morning with a blast from our past. On May 18, 1980, a major volcanic eruption occurred at Mount St. Helens, a volcano located in the state of Washington, United States. On May 7, 2016 it is reported there are earthquake rumblings down under the mountain. This does not bode well. Stay tuned. 

For some the eruption of Mt. St. Helens is something that evokes a sense of nostalgia. Not like bumping into an old high school sweetheart in the grocery store might be a blast of memories from the past.

Anyone born around May 18, 1980, that would make them over 35 years old, so let’s say anyone over 30 years old may have memories of the Mt. Saint Helen eruption.

On September 11, 2001, 19 militants associated with the Islamic extremist group al-Qaeda . . . that would give many humans, older than 12, to have strong memories of 9/11.

His inaguration speech inspires me to this day.

Shortly after noon on November 22, 1963, President John F. Kennedy was assassinated as he rode in a motorcade through Dealey Plaza in downtown Dallas, Texas. By the fall of 1963, President John F. Kennedy and his political advisers were preparing for the next presidential campaign.

Mt. St. Helens, May 18, 1980

Let’s review. It was Edgar Cayce talked about a “ring of fire” around the edges of the Pacific Plate giving rise to plate vibrations, volcanoes, increased heat in ocean currents along the plate edges giving rise to rainfall, global warming, and similar phenomena. Earthquakes are one thing. Volcanoes are something else because they put ash into the air which leads to global cooling.
We are releasing the element carbon into the earth’s atmosphere. CO2 rises after global warming occurs. We have been coming out of the mini ice age of the 1400’s. Get enough volcanoes spewing dust into the atmosphere and pretty soon the human species has survival problems.
This is an excellent documentary.

The first link that prompted this page.