CGS Carbon Cycle
We propose a Carbon Gasification System, aka a CGS, which inputs carbon-dioxide and transforms that carbon dioxide into oxygen or methane. Carbon is not released into the atmosphere. The heat produced by the CGS can be used to produce electricity. It also heats the oxygen producing aerobic organisms and methane producing anaerobic organisms. The CGS gasifies municipal waste, bio-mass, coal and other carbonaceous materials.
The physical-chemical roadmap of CGS science must map elements, ores, and minerals to the biological systems that consume and produce them. The feedstock materials must be chemically analyzed and similarly mapped. Experiments are done along the way to measure the productivity of various species, catalysts, and chemicals. The CGS workers will input information into the CGS database. They will be looking for new research areas that may hold patent claims. Also, patent claims may arise when transforming old chemical processes into CGS compatible processes. The potential for new patent claims attracts student and professional talent to the CGS mapping process, experiments, and prototypes.
CGS Biological Systems
Biological systems transform carbon dioxide into oxygen and methane. Other organisms provide bio-mining opportunities to recover base metals, as well as rare-earth metals. Bio-mining is a technique of extracting metals from ores and other solid materials. Prokaryotes and fungi secrete different organic compounds that extract metals from their environment. These concentrated metals are then recovered.
The hydrogen and carbon dioxide comprising syngas is used by the CGS output systems to produce products. Ultimately, every carbon atom in CGS feedstock must be transformed into some carbon product. The best place to sequester carbon is in plastic products. Plastic is easily gasified during recycling operations. Fuels, polymers, plastics, and composite materials are primary CGS outputs.
The ash, slag, and glass by-products of gasification will be processed to extract metals. The fly ash makes a cement used in a concrete with greater strength, lower permeability, and greater durability than more expensive cement alternatives. Produce the cement locally, rather than buying from afar.
(c)2017 Lyno — CGS Mission — 20170827